The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has published the Water Quality Indicators Report 2019 which provides an assessment on Ireland’s surface water and groundwater quality.

Published today (Tuesday, December 15), the report highlights that the main threat to water quality is the presence of too much nutrients, such as phosphorus and nitrogen, which come primarily from agriculture and waste water.

Over one third of rivers, and a quarter of lakes are failing to meet their environmental quality standards for nutrients.

Over one fifth of our groundwater, estuarine and coastal water bodies have high nitrogen concentrations, the document says.

Just over half of rivers and lakes are in high or good biological quality. The rivers surveyed in 2019 have shown more improvements than declines overall, which is welcome; however, further action is needed to return waters to a satisfactory condition, the report says.

Commenting on the assessment, EPA director Dr. Micheál Lehane said: “Clean, healthy water is essential for our economy, our aquatic wildlife and for our health and well-being.

“However, this assessment shows that our water environment remains under considerable pressure from human activities.

Of most concern is the continued upward trend of nitrate concentrations. The problem is particularly evident in the south and southeast of the country where the main source is agriculture.

We need urgent and effective action to ensure that the decline in water quality is halted and to restore those water bodies that have declined in quality.”

Mary Gurrie, programme manager, continued: “Elevated nutrient concentrations are contributing to pollution in our freshwaters and estuaries and causing difficulties with drinking water standards in some areas.

“Urgent action is now needed to reduce nutrient inputs from agriculture. Measures need to be targeted at the critical source areas where nitrogen and phosphate problems occur.

There is a lot of good work happening at a local level to improve water quality and this needs to be scaled up to deliver the improvements needed.

“The River Basin Management Plan, the new Common Agricultural Policy Strategic Plan and the full implementation of the EU Farm to Fork Strategy offer significant opportunities to achieve improvements in water quality, while delivering multiple benefits for the environment including for climate, air quality and biodiversity.”