6 aids to take the ‘guesswork’ out of heat detection

Heat detection aids can help identify bulling cows and this is particularly important for herds using AI. Identifying cows on heat can be difficult, as the average heat only lasts nine hours and most ‘standing’ activity occurs in the hours of darkness.

With this in mind, it may be necessary to use heat detection aids – such as tail paint, kamars or scratch cards – to identify cows that need to be drafted and served.

1. Tail paint

One of the cheapest methods of identifying cows in heat is through the use of a thin strip of paint applied to the top of the cow’s tail.

If the cow is mounted – a clear sign of oestrus – the thin strip of paint will be rubbed off. This will allow the cow to be separated from the main herd and served.

2. Kamars

Developed in the US, Kamars have grown in popularity on Irish farms in recent years.

Kamars sit between the cow’s hip bones and are said to be an “accurate and cost effective” method of identifying standing heats in cows.

The product alerts farmers to the presence of bulling cows by a changing colour – from white to red.

These heat detection aids are pressure sensitive and include a built-in timing mechanism, which is designed to be activated by standing heat behaviour.

This mechanism helps distinguish between true standing heats and false mounting activity, as the detector requires approximately three seconds of mounting activity before it changes colour.

3. Scratch cards

A number of companies sell scratch card type heat detectors on the Irish market. The products are relatively cheap to buy. These cards can either come with a self-adhesive back or may require the use of glue to apply them to the base of the cow’s tail.

When mounting activity occurs, the scratch card is rubbed and changes colour to indicate that the cow may need to be served.

4. Vasectomised bull with a chin-ball harness

Another effective way of detecting bulling cows is through the use of a vasectomised or ‘teaser’ bull fitted with a chin-ball harness.

The cost of performing the procedure on a bull is €90-120 and it should be completed at least 40-60 days before the ‘teaser’ bull is introduced to the herd.

For the most part, these bulls work best in the first three weeks of the breeding season or towards the end of the season when the level of heat activity falls off – as the number of pregnant cows in the herd increases.

5. FlashMate Heat Dector

Finding its feet on the Irish market, the FlashMate Heat Detector sits adjacent to the tail ridge and can be used alongside tail paint.

The product is designed to stay on across multiple heats and alert the farmer to each opportunity to inseminate – with a red flashing light.

Each device contains a microchip and is touch sensitive. It analyses mounting behavior among cows entering the sexually active group 24/7 – often identifying extra submissions from ‘silent’ cows that the farmer may not otherwise submit, resulting in extra pregnancies.

6. Moocall HEAT

Another novice on the market is Moocall Heat. Moocall HEAT is a collar that is worn by a stock or vasectomised bull. Moocall ear tags are attached to all cows and heifers.

The collar then uses cow/bull proximity, mounting behaviour and bull activity levels to determine – to an extremely high level of accuracy – when a cow or a heifer is in heat.

It’s claimed that the collar can tell you the exact time cows or heifers are in heat, whether a cow or a heifer repeats, due dates and cow fertility over time.