Irish innovations key on Dutch dairy farm
Organic dairy farmer Macro van Liere, from southern Holland cited a number of Irish innovations that play a key role in the success of his farm.
Van Liere, who is 39 years old, lives in Esbeek in the province of North Brabant in the Netherlands. AgriLand visited his farm this week as part of a study trip organised by the EU Commission. Macro’s father retired two years ago at 65 and he took over the running of the farm.
Last year he invested in a new cubicle house for the cows and a new milking parlour, which happens to be a Dairymaster Swingflo from Tralee. The new shed can hold 100 to 120 cows, however Van Liere has only 70 to 75 at the moment but he plans to expand within reason when the milk quotas go.
His father was among the first organic farmers in the country. Van Liere said: “Early 1970s was a good time for dairy in Holland. Prices were high, farmers could use as much fertilisers and chemicals as they liked and there was little regulation to worry about. This did not continue for long. Things got much tougher and my father decided to switch to organic production. At the time farmers in the neighbourhood thought he was crazy.”
21 years later Van Liere now produces 400,000 -500,000/kg of milk per year. He sells all his product to EKO Holland, which is a co-operative of 120 organic dairy farmers. The milk is then sold on for further processing. Macros current price is 52c/kg milk.
Macro farms 70ha of land, 5ha of which is maize, 10 summer barley and some winter triticale. He has 70 to 75 dairy cows and the breed is a cross of Fleckvieh and red and white Meuse Rhine Issel producing on average 6500l per cow per year.
His cows graze as much as possible from April to November. This depends on the weather as his land can get wet after heavy rainfall.
According to Van Liere: “The cow’s milk almost all year round. This because of the high milk price during the winter.” In terms of calving 70 per cent of the herd calves at the end of the summer or beginning of autumn. The rest calve in early January. At present his milk content is 4.2 per cent fat, 3.6 per cent protein. The price is approximately 10 cents higher than non organic milk in Holland at the moment.
Marco noted: “Mastitis is the main disease organic dairy farmers need to worry about. This is one of the reasons we choose this breed, because it is resistant to mastitis. We have aggressively culled any cows which have shown any signs of mastitis on a repetitive basis.”
Interestingly he commented: “We don’t compare our prices to conventional milk prices. We stopped that a few years ago. We are afraid that when milk quotas go after 2015, the conventional milk price might collapse and we do not want to go down also.”
He said: “We don’t think there will be much expansion in organic production. It is not very easy to get into the business. Most conventional farms do not want to switch or can’t switch over.”
Marco pointed out that he chose his Irish Dairymaster Swingflo parlour because he wanted to milk the cows as fast as possible. In the new parlour he can milk 80 cows in an hour.
He noted in Holland there is a 50:50 split between dairy farmers using robots and parlours for milking. He said: “When the cows are grazing in the forests during the summer they would not come home too quickly to be milked by a robot and I like that I can also easily see if the cows are healthy or not every day.”
Another key Irish innovation playing an important role on the farm is Irish clover varieties. The cows are currently on a diet of red grass clover, maize silage and rolled barely.
He said: “Clover is vitally important on the farm both due to its high protein for the cow’s diet over the winter and clovers ability to fix nitrogen in the soil to increase grass production.”
Clover is a firm part of Van Liere’s crop rotation. He said: “Without crop rotation it is impossible to be an organic farmer,” he said. “A field which has had grass clover growing for five to six years will have enough nitrogen to row a good crop of maize for two years as well as a crop of barley in the third year.”