How best to control coccidiosis and cryptosporidiosis during the calving period
Coccidiosis and cryptosporidiosis are caused by oocysts, which thrive in a livestock environment. Both of these microorganisms can cause illness in cattle, and youngstock are particularly liable to infection.
In many cases, animals will show few external symptoms, but will simply fail to thrive and, as a result, profit margins will be squeezed.
It is possible to use medication to shorten the length of any illness and reduce the chance of secondary infection. However, it is far more effective to reduce infection rates in the first place by preventing the intake of oocysts by young animals.
This is where having a robust biosecurity plan in place is crucial to prevent the rate of infection and spread of disease. If this robust plan is adhered to, the profitability of each animal will increase.
Implement a cleaning and disinfection programme
Implementing a cleaning and disinfection programme can seem like a daunting process. However, the steps are relatively simple.
Firstly, it is important to accurately assess the current situation, including the disease status of the herd and any hygiene procedures already in process.
The initial stage would be to remove livestock from the housing area and muck out before commencing an effective clean using a foaming detergent designed to remove soiling and grease. This should be thoroughly rinsed and allowed to dry.
The key stage is to then apply a target disinfectant, which is effective against the oocysts responsible for coccidiosis and cryptosporidiosis.
Apply the disinfectant following the usage instructions and then the pens can be re-bedded in preparation for the animals to return. It may also be useful to introduce a hygienic bedding powder to enhance the sanitation in the area.
The detergent – Ecofoam Advanced
Using a quality detergent to remove all organic matter prior to disinfection is paramount to the routine. Ecofoam Advanced has been developed specifically for this purpose.
It’s an ultra-high performance, alkaline, long-cling foam cleaner which is designed to clean heavily soiled areas.
Benefits of Ecofoam Advanced:
- Advanced “wet film foam” technology gives enhanced cling to all surfaces;
- Ideal on porous surfaces;
- Excellent removal of carbohydrate, starch, fat and protein deposits;
- Fully effective regardless of water hardness;
- Proven to significantly reduce time and workload required during wash down.
The disinfectant – Cyclex
Cyclex is approved by the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM), the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), and the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA NI).
It is a clinically proven disinfectant in the defence against oocysts responsible for coccidiosis and cryptosporidiosis.
Benefits of Cyclex:
- Easy to mix and easy to use;
- A practical and easy-to-apply solution;
- Specially formulated, chlorocresol-based disinfectant with strong microbiocidal properties (passed EN1656, EN1657, EN14349);
- Passed the rigorous testing requirements recommended by the German Veterinary Association (DVG) against spore-forming oocysts;
- Can be used in poultry, pig, sheep, goat and cattle housing;
- Eliminates risk of residues (cyuranic-acid free);
- Contains no chemicals of industry concern (QUAT- free).
The bedding conditioner – Envirex
Envirex conditioner contains a unique combination of 2% w/w (weight per weight) of the proven biocidal product Virex. It’s found in a base-powder formulation, comprised of mineral desiccants and essential oils.
Envirex has been specifically designed to maintain a dry, healthy environment for all types of livestock animals.
The formulation is comprised of ingredients which:
- Ensure longevity of the product, even under high-humidity conditions;
- Does not paste up to form clumps after drying;
- Reduce greasiness in animal accommodation and provides a non-slip environment;
- Has a greater absorptive capacity than that of any other clay;
- Helps prevent the skin from drying; keeping it supple and less likely to suffer from lacerations.
The importance of nutrition
It is also important to consider the nutrition and management routine for young calves in order to give them the best possible start in life.
Ensuring the calf receives adequate colostrum after birth will allow them to receive the required antibodies needed to boost the immune system and to help fight diseases.
Reviewing your process for handling and housing calves can also help reduce the spread of disease within a herd.
Rearing in batches to avoid younger calves mixing with or being accommodated in areas used by older calves can help prevent cross contamination.
Enhance your biosecurity measures today with Ecofoam Advanced, Cyclex and Envirex from Kersia as part of a complete hygiene solutions programme.
Contact your Kersia representative:
- Michael Collins: 087-3751202;
- Ciaran Glynn: 087-1621116;
- James Luttrell: 087-2721022;
- Emma Hughes: 079-73956296.
For more information on how Kersia can enhance your biosecurity, contact the company at: 0044-1576-205480.
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