Nutrient efficiency key for after-grass
Many farmers are now looking to maximise the nutrients that are contained in slurry which, if applied correctly, can have both significant financial and environmental benefits to their farm business, according to Ian Browne, Countryside Management Adviser with DARD.
He said, in a recent management update that with the high cost of chemical fertiliser, that many farmers are now turning their attentions to the application of slurry to boost the after-grass growth.
Browne noted: “Alternative spreading techniques, such as trailing shoe and band spreader apply slurry close to the ground and significantly reduce ammonia losses. This results in increased nutrient efficiency, increased grass growth, a reduction in odour emissions and a reduced risk of water pollution occurring.”
He stressed that Organic manures can only be applied when conditions are suitable. Slurry cannot be applied when the soil is waterlogged, flooded (or liable to flood), if heavy rain is forecast in the next 48 hours or where land is steeply sloping with a significant risk of water pollution occurring.
“Ensure that you keep your distance from waterways. Under the Nitrates Action Programme, you can not apply organic manures within 10m of a waterway, 20m of a lake, 50m of a borehole, spring or well. However, the spreading distance from a waterway can be reduced to 3m where the slope is less than 10% towards the waterway and where the field is less than 1ha in size or not more than 50m in width or the slurry is applied using a band spreader, trailing shoe, trailing hose or soil injection method.”
Northern Ireland research, as shown in the table below, demonstrates that grass growth for second cut silage is greater where slurry has been applied with a trailing shoe or band spreader compared to the traditional splash plate method.
Table 1 – Effects of slurry applications after first cut on 12 May on grass yields (t DM/ha) for second cut. (Source: Alternative Slurry Spreading Systems by Dr Peter Frost AFBI, and Martin Mulholland, CAFRE)
Browne highlighted that in addition to the improved water quality in rivers and lakes and the increased nutrient efficiency, application using the band spreader and the trailing shoe method also results in reduced odour and ammonia emissions from slurry spreading and reduced chemical fertiliser usage resulting in lower greenhouse gas emissions.